Ways of seeing, part 2.
Another shot from my roll of Iford HP5+. This image stood out to me, for two main reasons I think. By this stage I was used to the tonal range, so that wasn’t enough. Instead, it was:
- The contrast in light in the shot. There’s so much light at the top of the frame, and that moves through some transitional greys in the middle, down to inky black at the bottom of the frame. I like how that draws my eye down through the frame, which seems to accentuate (for me) the angle of the shot, from above. I like the texture on the tiles in the middle of the frame, and how that gives my eye something to keep busy with as it passes through that section of the shot. That then leads to the second thing that makes this image a “keeper” for me –
- The three people in the middle of the shot. Compositionally, they form something of a triangle. Even though I know (because I was there) that there wasn’t any connection between the three, my mind thinks otherwise – as a storytelling instrument, it fills in gaps. Are the three there to meet? Is the lady at the top of the triangle meeting up with a pen pal, for the first time ever? Is it a business transaction, to be carried out away from the watchful eyes of the other pedestrians at the top left of the frame? One person creates interest in a frame, and gives it a sense of scale. Two people suggest relationships. Three people suggest story…
A reflection on ways of seeing.
I just had my first black and white film developed in over 20 years (Ilford HP5+, in case you are interested, shot on a Leica CL with a Summicron-C 40mm f/2 lens…). I received an email with a link to the scans (now that’s different to 20+ years ago, let me tell you!), dutifully downloaded the folder, and then set about reviewing all of the shots.
On the whole, I was very pleased. This shot was one of the first that caught my eye.
I sent this shot to Sharon, exclaiming my excitement at what I saw. Later in the day, when we met in the city after work, Sharon asked me to more fully articulate what it was that I saw, and why I found it exciting. And that got me to thinking… there are so many ways to see an image. So I thought I’d share my process of seeing this image with you – I saw it for the very first time just 8 hours ago, so I still recall the moment quite clearly.
FIRST, I see the image from a technical perspective. I look at the range of tones – and I immediately appreciate the rich range of greys here – there’s a warmth and tonality in the transitions – they seem smooth, analogue, not ‘stepped’ or abrupt. They blend into each other. This is clearest for me in the bright triangle directly above the man’s head – there’s still depth in the brightest point. And then I notice the shadows – melting to black, but still retaining just a suggestion of shape and texture. If you’re familiar with the Zone system, you might appreciate the range of zones present in the shot. I also appreciate the grain – it’s subtly different from digital noise – and just adds a touch of depth to the image.
SECOND, I see the compositional elements of the image. I guess this is still technical, but it’s perhaps moving towards something more narrative in nature too? I like the way there are so many diagonals in the shot, and the way they all seem to converge on the man. I have (of course) edited the shot, to crop out a metal grate that was at the front of the frame, which led my eye away from the man. All of the other elements channel my eye straight to him.
THIRD, I see the narrative. I wonder why the man is walking in such a purposeful way, into what is apparently a dead end. This then draws my mind to the only other ‘clue’ in the frame – the car. Is it his car? Is he meeting someone? He seems small, insignificant next to the architecture around him, dwarfed and yet still I’m drawn to him. This gives me a sense of mystery, a question that I want to answer. In other words, this creates gaps. My mind loves gaps – it fills them in with all sorts of stories, relationships, conversations, meetings, and so on. (In reality, there is an entrance to a car park on the left – he disappeared just moments after this shot!)
FOURTH, I appreciate what it took for me to actually ‘get’ the shot. Perhaps this is a return to the technical? I recall the scenario well (it was only this week after all) – I was shooting with a fully manual camera, with no light meter. So I metered the light in this little laneway before I even saw the man – anticipating that someone would walk past. I was just dialing in the settings on my camera when I saw the man walk past. I waited for him to pass, pre-focused on the spot where I wanted him in the frame, and then pressed the shutter. This all took maybe two to three seconds. I’m not suggesting anything that I did here was extraordinary “Ooh how clever am I as an old-school street photographer??” – more that I’m still a little amazed that with all of those points of potential error, I still managed to produce this shot. I saw it in my head, and was able to leverage my knowledge of light and the functions of my camera (not to mention a substantial chunk of luck) to move it from my head to a 35mm piece of plastic and silver. One nice aspect of film is it does somewhat dampen the effect of this particular way of seeing the image, as the process of finishing a roll and then waiting to get it developed (and scanned) means there’s a delay of some time between capture and review. Shooting digital (which I fully intend to continue doing) bridges this gap, and sometimes I find myself really pursuing an image beyond the point at which I’d normally discard it as lacking in interest or indeed against any of the first three ‘lenses’ described here, just because I know how I worked to get the shot in the first place. So I try to keep this particular way of seeing until the end, as it is the least reliable measure of an image if the intention is to share it with others (who will have little understanding, and potentially even less interest, in how fast you had to run, or how many minutes/hours/days you had to wait, to capture that man walking mysteriously towards a dead end laneway). Sometimes though, like here, it’s the icing on the cake for me.
So, that was my process – all of which took a couple of seconds as I flicked through the shots. I’d be interested to know your process, either for this image or indeed one of your own… what happens for you, when you see an image for the first time? What ‘lenses’ do you apply, to help you make a judgement about it? Is it the story that draws you in, or the technical qualities? Maybe it’s different for different shots – in any case, I’d love to hear from you…